Line of credit vs credit card: Which one should I use?

The line of credit vs credit card debate: Which one should you use?

Part of good money management is being financially literate. A great place to start is to learn about the differences between credit cards and lines of credit and decide which one is for you.

“Learning about how credit products work is the best way to find the product that best suits your needs. This will let you use credit most responsibly and keep your debt and interest costs down. You need to keep in mind what you want the credit card or line of credit for. Don’t make your decision based on advertising or convenience,” says Jeff Schwartz, Executive Director, Consolidated Credit Counseling Services of Canada.

Are you trying to build up good credit? It’s helpful to understand your options and to develop a strategy. We can help. Call one of our trained credit counsellors at or check out our free online debt analysis.

Line of credit vs credit card: the facts

To look into the line of credit vs credit card debate in more detail, let’s look into what they both are and the pros and cons of each. A line of credit (LOC) is a loan from your financial institution, with a pre-set limit. You can draw on a line of credit as needed and repay the amount of money that you borrow, based on a minimum payment. This credit is considered revolving, which means you can borrow from it as needed and repay it back. Unlike an installment loan, you won’t actually have to pay anything until you use it. Be aware though that as soon as you draw on your LOC, you will begin to accumulate interest (which is different than credit cards, which we’ll get into more below). Your minimum payment is a combination of principal and interest.

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Lines of credit are (but not necessarily) usually used for larger purchases. A LOC can be useful for larger projects when you aren’t really sure how much money you’ll ultimately need (i.e. like home renovations). Typically, you wouldn’t use a line of credit for a major purchase like a car or a house; you’d take out a secured loan, like a mortgage or an auto installment loan.

They can also be handy in a circumstance where a vendor doesn’t accept credit cards, but you’ve got to pay out a substantial sum, for instance putting a deposit down for a wedding or something similar.

People commonly attach a line of credit to their bank accounts for the purpose of overdraft protection, just in case they have insufficient funds. Using a line of credit to do a DIY debt consolidation can be a good strategy to reduce your debt load, as consolidating your debts allows you to pay them more quickly and a line of credit typically offers lower interest rates than traditional credit cards.

Limits for lines of credit are often higher than credit cards and usually start at about $5000 up to hundreds of thousands of dollars for a Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC). As the limits are higher, it can be harder to qualify for. You need to have both good credit and good income.

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The costs

You can often bring your LOC rate down even more by securing it with equity in your home or other kind of investment (i.e. a GIC or cash). The reason that the rate goes down is that when a LOC is secured, there is less risk to the Bank, so they charge less interest.

Things to be Careful With

“It’s common for people to have a line of credit to use to make up for cash flow shortfalls like medical expenses, or when self-employed income fluctuates. Avoid using any kind of credit to cover living expenses. Instead, set up a budget to meet expenses with the cash that you do have, or turn to your savings,” says Schwartz.

It’s also popular for people to use a line of credit for investing purposes, like RRSP contributions. This is only a good idea if you’re intending to use the tax refund that you’ll get back to pay off the LOC.

For both credit cards and LOCs, the interest rates are variable, based on the prime lending rate set by the Bank of Canada. As that rate goes up, so will your payments. This is true for credit cards as well, but as balances are usually higher with a LOC, the increase in payments can create more of an impact.

While securing a LOC with collateral or your home will reduce your interest, be aware that it also creates a greater risk for you.  If you don’t make your payments on time, or in full, you run the risk of losing your collateral.  So, if you decide to secure your LOC with your home or another investment make sure that this is one of the first payments you make in order to avoid a default.

Credit Cards

Credit cards tend to be a better choice for smaller purchases, but usually only if you’re intending to pay the balance off every month. Unlike with lines of credit, you have a grace period (usually 30 days) in which you can pay off your card without being charged interest. Be aware that this grace period extends to purchases only. Interest still accrues on cash advances right away. Interest rates on credit cards tend to be significantly higher than with a line of credit. With a line of credit, your minimum payment is a combination of principal and interest.

Another benefit to credit cards is that many of them offer reward programs, which is a clever way of getting your budget to go further (i.e. cashing in points for groceries, merchandise or travel). However, don’t get in the habit of using a card simply to get reward points. That backfires in a hurry when you start accumulating interest just to get a “reward”.

Credit cards are often more convenient and widely accepted, so how and where you’re going to use this credit product should figure into your decision too.

Always read the fine print

Many credit card companies will offer introductory interest rates to entice you to sign up. Make sure you read the fine print and fully understand the rules around the offer. If you’re carrying a balance and the offer expires, you could be in for a shock as your debt grows quickly with unanticipated interest charges.

Make sure that you choose your credit products wisely. Call one of our trained credit counsellors at or visit our free online debt analysis.