3 Debt Solutions You Need to Know, 1 You Need to Know to Avoid
Plus, one essential service that can help you find the best debt solution for your unique financial situation.
Debt problems have a way of taking over your thoughts and your life. With record levels of consumer debt in Canada, it’s no wonder so many people are desperate for help.
Still, unless you’ve faced problems before, you’re probably not familiar with all the debt solutions available to you. With so many options on the table, how do you find the right solution for your unique financial situation?
Credit counselling helps you identify the right choice from a range of options
Credit counsellors have the knowledge and expertise you need to find a solution. They work for nonprofit agencies that exist solely to help people get out of debt. You can get an unbiased, expert opinion on the best solution for your situation. Even better, a credit counselling consultation is free, so you won’t incur another bill to find your path to freedom.
3 smart debt solutions that could help you find relief
Debt management program – the most openly available solution
A debt management program is a repayment plan that you can set up through a credit counselling agency. It basically rolls multiple debts into a single consolidated repayment schedule. The credit counsellor helps you find a payment that works for your budget. Then they negotiate with your creditors to reduce or eliminate your interest rate, as well as stop any future penalties.
Credit counsellors that work for nonprofit accredited agencies only recommend this if it’s the best option for your situation. They basically offer you a way out if you can’t get out of debt on your own using solutions like the ones below. A debt management program works even if you have bad credit or too much debt to pay off using other solutions. As long as you have income to make the single monthly payment, you usually qualify.
2 options for debt consolidation – better with lower debt and good credit
While a debt management program works for many people, various debt consolidation options typically only work in certain situations. Debt consolidation is a financial process where you combine multiple debts into a single monthly payment. There are two basic ways to do this:
- You take out a personal debt consolidation loan
- You execute a debt transfer using a balance transfer credit card
In both cases, you need good credit in order to qualify for the lowest interest rate possible. Reducing the interest rate makes it easier to pay off your debt faster. So, even if you could qualify for a personal loan with bad credit, the rate you receive probably won’t help. That’s why these solutions really only work if you have a good credit score.
Even so, too much debt can make consolidation problematic even if you have a good credit score. If you have debt above $50,000 or even $100,000, it may not be cost effective to repay it through consolidation. In this case, you’re usually back to a debt management program.
1 debt solution that you should avoid
There is another debt solution that you may have heard about: debt settlement. This is a process where the creditor takes a percentage of what you owe for discharge of the remaining balance. This is the solution promoted in those “pennies on the dollar” commercials you hear on radio and television.
Debt settlement can be a legitimate solution, but that doesn’t make it a solution you want to use. Each debt you settle creates a negative item in your credit that remains for seven years from the date of discharge. If you miss payments to generate cash for your settlement (like many companies advise you), those create additional penalties.
And keep in mind, this type of settlement is pretty much equivalent to what a court will order if you file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy. During that type of filing, the court arranges partial repayment in exchange for full discharge. What’s more, Chapter 13 bankruptcy also creates a 7-year credit penalty. So, there’s little difference in the credit damage.
The road out of debt is rarely smooth and sometimes it can get downright bumpy if you encounter issues, like harassing debt collectors. Although your path out of debt many not be easy, it should never be abusive.